CD63 is not required for production of infectious human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in human macrophages

J Virol. 2008 May;82(10):4751-61. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02320-07. Epub 2008 Mar 5.


During the assembly of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles, the tetraspanin CD63 can be incorporated into the viral membrane. Indeed, cell surface tetraspanin microdomains that include CD63 have been proposed as sites for virus release. In addition, antibodies against CD63 can inhibit HIV infection of macrophages. In this cell type, HIV assembles into intracellularly sequestered plasma membrane domains that contain several other tetraspanins, including CD81, CD9, and CD53. CD63 is recruited to this domain following HIV infection. Together, these observations suggest that CD63 may have some function in the assembly of infectious virus particles and/or the infectivity of assembled virions. Here we have used RNA interference to knock down CD63 expression in monocyte-derived primary macrophages. We show that in the absence of CD63, HIV assembly is quantitatively comparable to that seen in CD63-expressing macrophages and that virus assembly occurs on compartments positive for CD81, CD9, and CD53. Moreover, the infectivity of macrophage-derived virus is unaffected by the loss of CD63. Together, our results indicate that at least in tissue culture, CD63 expression is not required for either the production or the infectivity of HIV-1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD / analysis
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism*
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte / analysis
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytosol / chemistry
  • Gene Silencing
  • HIV Core Protein p24 / biosynthesis
  • HIV-1 / chemistry
  • HIV-1 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Macrophages / virology*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • RNA Interference
  • Tetraspanin 25
  • Tetraspanin 28
  • Tetraspanin 29
  • Tetraspanin 30
  • Virus Assembly / physiology*


  • Antigens, CD
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
  • CD53 protein, human
  • CD63 protein, human
  • CD81 protein, human
  • CD9 protein, human
  • HIV Core Protein p24
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Tetraspanin 25
  • Tetraspanin 28
  • Tetraspanin 29
  • Tetraspanin 30