In recent years, dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS; EC 184.108.40.206) has received considerable attention from both mechanistic and structural viewpoints. This enzyme, which is part of the diaminopimelate pathway leading to lysine, couples (S)-aspartate-beta-semialdehyde with pyruvate via a Schiff base to a conserved active-site lysine. In this paper, the expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of DHDPS from Clostridium botulinum, an important bacterial pathogen, are presented. The enzyme was crystallized in a number of forms, predominantly using PEG precipitants, with the best crystal diffracting to beyond 1.9 A resolution and displaying P4(2)2(1)2 symmetry. The unit-cell parameters were a = b = 92.9, c = 60.4 A. The crystal volume per protein weight (V(M)) was 2.07 A(3) Da(-1), with an estimated solvent content of 41%. The structure of the enzyme will help guide the design of novel therapeutics against the C. botulinum pathogen.