Proteolysis of AKAP121 regulates mitochondrial activity during cellular hypoxia and brain ischaemia

EMBO J. 2008 Apr 9;27(7):1073-84. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2008.33. Epub 2008 Mar 6.


A-kinase anchor protein 121 (AKAP121) assembles a multivalent signalling complex on the outer mitochondrial membrane that controls persistence and amplitude of cAMP and src signalling to mitochondria, and plays an essential role in oxidative metabolism and cell survival. Here, we show that AKAP121 levels are regulated post-translationally by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway. Seven In-Absentia Homolog 2 (Siah2), an E3-ubiquitin ligase whose expression is induced in hypoxic conditions, formed a complex and degraded AKAP121. In addition, we show that overexpression of Siah2 or oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) promotes Siah2-mediated ubiquitination and proteolysis of AKAP121. Upregulation of Siah2, by modulation of the cellular levels of AKAP121, significantly affects mitochondrial activity assessed as mitochondrial membrane potential and oxidative capacity. Also during cerebral ischaemia, AKAP121 is degraded in a Siah2-dependent manner. These findings reveal a novel mechanism of attenuation of cAMP/PKA signaling, which occurs at the distal sites of signal generation mediated by proteolysis of an AKAP scaffold protein. By regulating the stability of AKAP121-signalling complex at mitochondria, cells efficiently and rapidly adapt oxidative metabolism to fluctuations in oxygen availability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • A Kinase Anchor Proteins / chemistry
  • A Kinase Anchor Proteins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain Ischemia / metabolism*
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Glucose / deficiency
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial
  • Mice
  • Middle Cerebral Artery / metabolism
  • Middle Cerebral Artery / pathology
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Models, Biological
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Oxygen / metabolism
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Signal Transduction
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism
  • Ubiquitination


  • A Kinase Anchor Proteins
  • Akap1 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • seven in absentia proteins
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Glucose
  • Oxygen