Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of anti-TNF-alpha antibody, infliximab, on oxidative stress markers representing DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, and glycoxidation.
Methods: Twenty-three RA patients underwent infliximab treatment and were analyzed for 30 weeks. Six patients who experienced side effects and one patient who had a reduced efficacy of infliximab were discontinued the infliximab treatment at 30-54 weeks. Sixteen patients were analyzed for 54 weeks. The levels of serum total, urinary total, and free pentosidine, which is an advanced glycation end-product (AGE), and of urinary 15-Isoprostane F2t and 8-hydroxy-deoxy guanosine (8-OHdG) were determined at baseline and at 14, 30, and 54 weeks after initial treatment with infliximab.
Results: Serum total, urinary total, and free pentosidine levels were reduced at 54 weeks after initial infliximab treatment. Urinary 15-Isoprostane F2t and 8-OHdG levels were also reduced at 14, 30, and 54 weeks. Urinary 8-OHdG levels in RA patients correlated with CRP and the Disease Activity Score of 28 joints.
Conclusion: In RA patients, infliximab plays an essential role as an anti-oxidative agent against AGE formation, oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxydation.