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Comparative Study
, 9 (2), 170-80

Sex Differences in the Relation of Weight Loss Self-Efficacy, Binge Eating, and Depressive Symptoms to Weight Loss Success in a Residential Obesity Treatment Program

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Comparative Study

Sex Differences in the Relation of Weight Loss Self-Efficacy, Binge Eating, and Depressive Symptoms to Weight Loss Success in a Residential Obesity Treatment Program

Katherine Presnell et al. Eat Behav.

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine whether weight loss self-efficacy, binge eating, and depressive symptoms predicted weight loss during treatment, and whether gender moderates these associations with prospective data from 297 participants (223 women and 74 men) enrolled in a residential obesity treatment program. Men reported higher initial levels of self-efficacy than women, whereas women reported greater pre-treatment levels of binge eating and depressive symptoms. Higher pre-treatment levels of weight control self-efficacy, binge eating, and depressive symptoms predicted greater weight loss in men, but not in women. Results suggest that certain psychological and behavioral factors should be considered when implementing weight loss interventions, and indicate a need to consider gender differences in predictors of weight loss treatment. Future research should seek to identify predictors of weight loss among women.

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