Within-group differences in depression among older Hispanics living in the United States

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2008 Jan;63(1):P27-32. doi: 10.1093/geronb/63.1.p27.

Abstract

Using the Health and Retirement Study, we examine the prevalence of depression in different groups of Hispanic older adults. Respondents (n = 759) were aged 59 and older and identified themselves as Mexican American (56%), Cuban American (13%), Puerto Rican (8%), other (8%), or not specified (15%). We used a modified version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview to assess depressive symptoms and the presence of major depression. Relative to Puerto Ricans, each Hispanic group had significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms, except for Cuban Americans; and each Hispanic group had lower prevalence rates for major depression, except for other Hispanics, even after we adjusted for sociodemographic, cultural factors, socioeconomic, functional limitations, and chronic health conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Culture
  • Depressive Disorder, Major* / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder, Major* / ethnology
  • Depressive Disorder, Major* / psychology
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Health
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology