Objective: To determine the therapeutic efficacy of adjuvant use of voriconazole, 1%, eyedrops in the treatment of refractory fungal keratitis.
Methods: A prospective open-label trial was conducted to determine voriconazole levels obtained in human aqueous humor after administration of a 1% solution, preserved with 0.01% benzalkonium chloride, every 6 hours for 3 days, or hourly for 4 doses. Ten participants were selected among patients scheduled to undergo elective anterior segment surgery, and samples were tested using validated high-performance liquid chromatography.
Results: The mean (SD) voriconazole concentrations after hourly dosing (n = 5) was 1.90 (1.12) microg/mL and after a single dosing every 6 hours (n = 5) was 0.94 (1.21) microg/mL, respectively. The mean (SD) sampling times after the last administration of eyedrops were 1.1 (0.5) hours after hourly dosing and 2.1 (0.6) hours after a single dosing every 6 hours.
Conclusions: Voriconazole, 1%, eyedrops are well tolerated and penetrate into human aqueous humor when administered at hourly or 6-hourly intervals. They are effective in treating Candida and Aspergillus keratitis, are substantially more affordable than oral therapy, and have less potential to cause systemic adverse effects.