Characterization of the biosorption of cadmium, lead and copper with the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus

J Hazard Mater. 2008 Oct 30;158(2-3):316-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.01.084. Epub 2008 Feb 2.


The recovery of cadmium, lead and copper with the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus was characterized and quantified. The biosorption data fitted the pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherm models, but did not adjust to the intraparticle diffusion model. The metal uptakes deduced from the pseudo-second order kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model followed a similar sequence: Cu>Cd approximately Pb. The Langmuir maximum metal uptakes were: 0.9626 mmol/g, Pb 1.02 mmol/g, and Cu 1.66 mmol/g. According to the equilibrium constants of this isotherm model, the affinity of metals for the biomass followed this order: Pb>Cu>Cd. Biosorption was accomplished by ion exchange between metals in solution and algal protons, calcium and other light metals, and by complexation of the adsorbed metals with algal carboxyl groups. FTIR spectra showed a shift in the bands of carboxyl, hydroxyl and sulfonate groups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomass
  • Cadmium / metabolism*
  • Copper / metabolism*
  • Fucus / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Lead / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning


  • Cadmium
  • Lead
  • Copper