Organization of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) has the mission to facilitate the development of European comprehensive cancer centres by integrating care and prevention with research and education. Core issues are to deliver a complete multidisciplinary care of high quality and stimulate translational cancer research. The goal is to innovate the cancer care. The increasing problem of critical mass will be solved by networking comprehensive cancer centres containing quality assured harmonized infrastructures. This will give Europe a new potential to extend the cancer research to areas not possible to cover by single centres.