The D2 dopamine receptor agonist quinelorane (LY-163502), microinjected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), affected genital response of restrained supine male rats in a biphasic dose-dependent fashion. A moderate dose (1 microgram) facilitated penile responses (intense erections and penile movements), and decreased the latency to the first response. A high dose of quinelorane (10 micrograms) facilitated seminal emission while inhibiting penile responses. The addition of the D1 antagonist SCH-23390 to the 1 microgram dose of quinelorane potentiated quinelorane's increase in seminal emission. We suggest that D1 receptors in the PVN may be antagonistic to D2 receptor-mediated seminal emission, and possibly also penile responses. In copulation tests 1 microgram quinelorane decreased mount latency, whereas 10 micrograms quinelorane increased mount and intromission latencies and slowed copulatory rate. Both 1 and 10 micrograms quinelorane, and also 1 and 10 micrograms of the mixed D1 and D2 agonist apomorphine, decreased the number of intromissions preceding ejaculation.