Perception of risk and potential occupational exposure to HIV/AIDS among medical interns in Delhi

J Commun Dis. 2007 Jun;39(2):95-9.


A cross sectional study was conducted among 129 medical interns of Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi for assessing the perceived levels of risk of acquiring HIV infection in the health care settings among medical interns, reasons for the same and their exposure to situations having potential of HIV transmission. Majority of the interns (68.3%) perceived themselves to be at a very high/high risk of acquiring HIV infection during their medical career. The common reasons for perceived risk of acquiring HIV infection were getting injuries due to needle pricks/cuts during surgical procedures (32.4%), frequent exposure to the blood/ secretions of patients (28.5%) and insufficient availability of gloves (17.6%). Some (23.2%) were of the opinion that students in future might lose interest in the medical profession due to increasing risk of HIV infection and few (3.1%) were even considering to leave the medical profession for the same reason. Majority of the interns (72.9%) had experienced needle pricks and more than half (53.7%) of them even had had blood splashes in their eyes/ nose/ mouth during surgical procedures. The findings of the study call for efforts for bringing a reduction in the risk perception of the interns through awareness campaigns and reorientation trainings, ensuring availability of gloves and other items necessary for observing universal work precautions and proper disposal of potentially contaminated articles.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Body Fluids / virology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / transmission*
  • HIV Seroprevalence
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • India
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Male
  • Medical Staff, Hospital
  • Needlestick Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Occupational Health
  • Perception*
  • Risk
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires