Augmented secretion of brain natriuretic peptide in acute myocardial infarction

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Oct 15;180(1):431-6. doi: 10.1016/s0006-291x(05)81311-7.


In order to elucidate biosynthesis and secretion of natriuretic peptides in the early phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we measured the plasma level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a novel cardiac hormone secreted from the ventricle, in patients with AMI and compared with that of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). The plasma level of BNP increased rapidly (within hours from the onset of AMI) and markedly (greater than 100 times the normal level) as compared to that of ANP. The plasma ANP level correlated with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), whereas the plasma BNP level did not correlate with PCWP but highly correlated inversely with cardiac index. These results indicate that BNP is secreted from the heart much more acutely and prominently than ANP in the early phase of AMI, in association with left ventricular dysfunction.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / blood*
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / blood*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
  • Radioimmunoassay


  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Creatine Kinase