Objective: To assess the biochemical outcome after radical prostatectomy (RP) specifically for men aged 30-39 years, as previous studies suggest that prostate cancer in young men might be more aggressive.
Patients and methods: From a large (15 899) database of RPs (1975-2007) we identified 42 men aged 30-39, 893 aged 40-49, 4085 aged 50-59, 3766 aged 60-69, and 182 men aged > or =70 years old. The clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between men aged 30-39 years and older men.
Results: Among the men in their thirties, 81% had organ-confined disease in the RP specimen, vs 62% of men aged > or =40 years. At a mean follow-up of 5 years, there was biochemical progression in 4.8% of men in their thirties and 16.1% of men age > or =40 years (P = 0.055). The corresponding 5-year biochemical progression-free survival estimates were 95% for men in their thirties and 83% for men aged > or =40 years (P = 0.045). On multivariate analysis, increasing age was a significant independent predictor of biochemical progression.
Conclusion: Contrary to earlier reports, in the present study men in their thirties did not have more aggressive disease. Instead, they had more favourable pathological features and progression-free survival rates than their older counterparts. After controlling for other prognostic variables on multivariate analysis, being in the fourth decade was independently associated with a lower risk of biochemical progression. These results suggest that early aggressive treatment for these patients with a long life-expectancy is associated with favourable long-term biochemical outcomes.