Objective: Mortality of 40% to 86% and good outcomes in only 13% to 21% of patients beg for treatment options for basilar occlusion. This study determined outcomes of patients with vertebrobasilar occlusion treated with mechanical embolus removal in cerebral ischemia (MERCI) retriever mechanical thrombectomy.
Methods: Patients with vertebrobasilar occlusion in the MERCI and Multi-MERCI trials received treatment up to 8 hours after symptom onset. Recanalization was determined after retriever use and adjunctive therapy. Mortality and good outcomes, modified Rankin scale score 0-3, were determined at 90 days in patients who were recanalized and not recanalized.
Results: Recanalization occurred in 21 of 27 (78%) patients. Mortality was 44% and good outcomes were seen in 41%. Patients with recanalization tended to have better outcomes than those without.
Conclusions: Outcomes in patients with vertebrobasilar occlusions treated with the MERCI retriever compared favorably with natural history reports and tended to be better in those patients with recanalization.