High prevalence of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in men referred for obesity treatment

Neth J Med. 2008 Mar;66(3):103-9.


Background: Obesity can be associated with biochemical evidence of isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) in men. Prevalence and severity of IHH in obese men are not exactly known.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of IHH in obese men.

Design and subjects: Cross-sectional study of 160 obese men, BMI >30 kg/m2, who applied for medical or surgical treatment of obesity in a general teaching hospital.

Main outcome measures: Total and calculated free testosterone (TT and FT) in relation to body mass index (BMI).

Results: Mean age of the study population was 43.3 +/- 0.8 years (mean +/- SEM), BMI ranged from 30.0 to 65.7 kg/m2. TT and FT levels were inversely related to BMI (-0.48, p<0.0001). Total testosterone was subnormal in 57.5% and free testosterone in 35.6% of the subjects. The group of men with IHH was more obese, had higher Hba IC levels and had a 2.6 higher risk for cardiovascular disease. Decreased libido and erectile dysfunction were 7.1 and 6.7 times as common in IHH than in eugonadal obese men.

Conclusion: Reduced T levels, well into the hypogonadal range, are common in male obesity. Assessment of its clinical implications, and a search for the best mode of treatment are warranted.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Erectile Dysfunction / etiology
  • Humans
  • Hypogonadism / blood
  • Hypogonadism / epidemiology
  • Hypogonadism / etiology*
  • Hypogonadism / physiopathology
  • Libido
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors