Chimera states: the natural link between coherence and incoherence

Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Feb 1;100(4):044105. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.044105. Epub 2008 Jan 31.


Chimera states are remarkable spatiotemporal patterns in which coherence coexists with incoherence. As yet, chimera states have been considered as nongeneric, since they emerge only for particular initial conditions. In contrast, we show here that in a network of globally coupled oscillators delayed feedback stimulation with realistic (i.e., spatially decaying) stimulation profile generically induces chimera states. Intriguingly, a bifurcation analysis reveals that these chimera states are the natural link between the coherent and the incoherent states.