A comprehensive review of extant research on Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) programs

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2008;36(1):47-55.


The Memphis model of the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) program has established itself as a prototype of law enforcement-mental health collaboration for a large number of municipalities across the country, and several states are implementing statewide training programs that seek to train approximately 20 percent of their police forces. Given the enthusiasm of advocates, law enforcement/public safety personnel, and mental health professionals for the CIT program, and in light of the increasing pace of implementation of this complex collaboration in a multitude of localities across the country, we seek in this review to provide a systematic summary of the very limited available research that has been conducted on CIT to date and to comment on future avenues for research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Crisis Intervention / education*
  • Crisis Intervention / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / organization & administration*
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*
  • Police / education*
  • Prisoners / psychology*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Referral and Consultation / organization & administration
  • Tennessee
  • United States