Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008 Jan;38(1):4-11. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2008.2616.


Study design: Two group, repeated measures design.

Objectives: To determine whether manually repositioning the scapula using the Scapula Reposition Test (SRT) reduces pain and increases shoulder elevation strength in athletes with and without positive signs of shoulder impingement.

Background: Symptom alteration tests may be useful in determining a subset of those with shoulder pathology who may benefit from interventions aimed at improving scapular motion abnormalities.

Methods and measures: One hundred forty-two college athletes underwent testing for clinical signs of shoulder impingement. Tests provoking symptoms were repeated with the scapula manually repositioned into greater retraction and posterior tilt. A numeric rating scale was used to measure symptom intensity under both conditions. Isometric shoulder elevation strength was measured using a mounted dynamometer with the scapula in its natural position and with manual repositioning. A paired t test was used to compare the strength between positions. The frequency of a significant increase in strength with scapular repositioning, defined as the minimal detectable change (90% confidence interval), was also assessed.

Results: Of the 98 athletes with a positive impingement test, 46 had reduced pain with scapular repositioning. Although repositioning produced an increase in strength in both the impingement (P=.001) and non-impingement groups (P=.012), a significant increase in strength was found with repositioning in only 26% of athletes with, and 29% of athletes without positive signs for shoulder impingement.

Conclusion: The SRT is a simple clinical test that may potentially be useful in an impairment based classification approach to shoulder problems.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Posture*
  • Scapula*
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Shoulder Pain / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Pain / prevention & control
  • Sports Medicine*