Role of physical activity in diabetes management and prevention

J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Apr;108(4 Suppl 1):S19-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.01.016.


During recent years, evidence supporting the vital role of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of diabetes has been accumulating. Physical activity is recognized to produce multiple general and diabetes-specific health benefits. Yet despite the multitude of benefits, many people are physically inactive. As the prevalence of overweight and obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes has continued to rise at an alarming rate, physical inactivity has become an urgent public health concern. The purpose of this article is to review the physical activity/exercise research in diabetes and summarize the current exercise recommendations. This information can be used by clinicians to make safe and effective recommendations for integrating physical activity/exercise into self-management plans for individuals with diabetes or at risk for its development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control*
  • Diet, Diabetic
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Primary Prevention
  • Public Health
  • Quality of Life