Functional mechanics of the ATP-dependent Lon protease- lessons from endogenous protein and synthetic peptide substrates

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 May;1784(5):727-35. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2008.02.010. Epub 2008 Mar 5.


Lon, also known as the protease La, is a homo-oligomeric ATP-dependent protease, which is highly conserved in archaea, eubacteria and eukaryotic mitochondria and peroxisomes. Since its discovery, studies have shown that Lon activity is essential for cellular homeostasis, mediating protein quality control and metabolic regulation. This article highlights the discoveries made over the past decade demonstrating that Lon selectively degrades abnormal as well as certain regulatory proteins and thus plays significant roles in maintaining bacterial and mitochondrial function and integrity. In addition, Lon is required in certain pathogenic bacteria, for rendering pathogenicity and host infectivity. Recent research endeavors have been directed toward elucidating the reaction mechanism of the Lon protease by different biochemical and structural biological techniques. In this mini-review, the authors survey the diverse biological roles of Lon, and also place special emphasis on recent findings that clarify the mechanistic aspects of the Lon reaction cycle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / metabolism*
  • Protease La / chemistry
  • Protease La / metabolism*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Peptides
  • Proteins
  • Protease La