Renal replacement therapy in the intensive care unit

Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2005 Jun;1(2):141-50. doi: 10.2147/tcrm.


Acute renal failure is a common complication in the intensive care unit (ICU). Over the last 25 years, there have been significant technological advances in the delivery of renal replacement therapy, particularly as it pertains to the critically ill patient population. Despite these advances, acute renal failure in critically ill patients continues to carry a poor prognosis. In this article, we review the current literature about timing and initiation of renal replacement therapy in the ICU as well as practical considerations regarding the prescription and delivery of dialysis.