The relationship between cultural competence and ethnocentrism of health care professionals

J Transcult Nurs. 2008 Apr;19(2):121-5. doi: 10.1177/1043659607312970.


The study examined the relationship between cultural competence and ethnocentrism among health care professionals. Physical therapists, occupational therapists, and nurses ( N = 71) from three hospitals in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, participated in the survey research project. The survey questionnaire incorporated the Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence Among Healthcare Professionals-Revised and the Generalized Ethnocentrism Scale. Cultural competence scores and ethnocentrism scores were inversely related (r = -.28, p = .017). Results suggest that cultural competence may not be entirely distinct from ethnocentrism. The construct of cultural competence warrants further study vis-à-vis its correlates and its impact on clinical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • British Columbia
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital*
  • Occupational Therapy*
  • Physical Therapy Specialty*
  • Social Identification*