Developmental trajectories of bullying and associated factors

Child Dev. Mar-Apr 2008;79(2):325-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01128.x.


Trajectories in bullying through adolescence were studied along with individual, family, and peer relationship factors. At the outset, participants' ages ranged from 10 to 14; 74% identified as European Canadian with the remainder from diverse backgrounds. With 8 waves of data over 7 years, 871 students (466 girls and 405 boys) were studied to reveal 4 trajectories: 9.9% reported consistently high levels of bullying, 13.4% reported early moderate levels desisting to almost no bullying at the end of high school, 35.1% reported consistently moderate levels, and 41.6% almost never reported bullying. Students who bullied had elevated risks in individual, parent, and peer relationship domains. Risk profiles and trajectories provide direction for interventions to curtail the development of power and aggression in relationships.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aggression / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Demography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Power, Psychological*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Behavior Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Social Behavior Disorders / psychology