Effects of long-term exposure of extremely low frequency magnetic field on oxidative/nitrosative stress in rat liver

J Radiat Res. 2008 Mar;49(2):181-7. doi: 10.1269/jrr.07070.

Abstract

Thirty-two adult Wistar-Albino female and male rats were used to investigate the long-term (45 days) effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF; 50Hz, 1mT, 4h/day) exposure on oxidative/nitrosative stress in liver tissues of rats. The rats were divided randomly into four groups: female control (FC; n = 8) and MF-exposed female rats (F-MF; n = 8); male control (MC; n = 8) and MF-exposed male rats (M-MF; n = 8). Liver tissue from each animal was harvested and utilized for malondialdehyde (MDA) and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) detection. MDA levels were measured by MDA-TBA method, while the 3-NT levels were determined by the HPLC-UV system. There were no significant differences between the MDA levels of the control (FC; MC) and MF-exposed (F-MF; M-MF) rats (P > 0.05). In the F-MF rats, 3-NT levels were significantly increased when compared to those of the FC rats (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the 3-NT levels of the MC and M-MF rats. In conclusion, our study suggests that the long-term ELF-MF exposure may enhance the oxidative/nitrosative stress in liver tissue of the female rats and could have a deteriorative effect on cellular proteins rather than lipids by enhancing 3-NT formation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Liver / physiology*
  • Magnetics*
  • Male
  • Nitrosation
  • Oxidative Stress / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Stress, Physiological / physiopathology*
  • Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Tyrosine / biosynthesis

Substances

  • 3-nitrotyrosine
  • Tyrosine