Comparative bioavailability study of two oral omeprazole formulations after single and repeated administrations in healthy volunteers

Clin Drug Investig. 1998;16(2):141-9. doi: 10.2165/00044011-199816020-00007.


Objective: Two oral enteric-coated pellet formulations of omeprazole, Pepticum((R)) (test formulation) and Mopral((R)) (reference), were administered to 24 healthy volunteers for 5 days at a daily dose of 20mg omeprazole in order to investigate the comparative bioavailability of the two formulations.

Results: The data obtained in this study demonstrated the bioequivalence of the two formulations. No statistical differences were observed for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-t)), the parameter to which the inhibition of acid secretion induced by omeprazole is directly related. Differences observed in maximum plasma drug concentration (C(max)) at day 1 for both formulations were not statistically significant. At steady-state, the differences found in C(max) were associated with a p-value <0.05 with the 90% confidence interval lying between the acceptance range (70 to 140%). Regarding time to reach C(max) (t(max)), p < 0.01 was found both after single and repeated doses. In both cases, Pepticum((R)) showed a delay in reaching C(max) compared with Mopral((R)): 2.15 +/- 1.11 vs 1.48 +/- 0.52h (day 1) and 1.94 +/- 0.66 vs 1.31 +/- 0.75h (day 5).

Conclusion: This study confirmed the reported increases in AUC and C(max) after repeated administrations, the important intersubject variability and the excellent biological and clinical tolerability of both formulations.