Pulmonary embolism after sclerotherapy treatment of bleeding varices

Ann Hepatol. 2008 Jan-Mar;7(1):91-3.


We describe a case of pulmonary embolism after sclerosant injection for bleeding oesophageal varices. The patient was managed successfully with enoxaparin. Systemic embolization after sclerotherapy is rare and depends upon a number of factors including the amount of sclerosant agent used. The incidence of this complication could be as high as 6% which warrants careful post procedure monitoring of patients.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / etiology
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / therapy*
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Portal / complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulmonary Embolism / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Embolism / etiology*
  • Sclerotherapy / adverse effects*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed