Evidence-based treatment and practice: new opportunities to bridge clinical research and practice, enhance the knowledge base, and improve patient care

Am Psychol. 2008 Apr;63(3):146-59. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.63.3.146.


The long-standing divide between research and practice in clinical psychology has received increased attention in view of the development of evidence-based interventions and practice and public interest, oversight, and management of psychological services. The gap has been reflected in concerns from those in practice about the applicability of findings from psychotherapy research as a guide to clinical work and concerns from those in research about how clinical work is conducted. Research and practice are united in their commitment to providing the best of psychological knowledge and methods to improve the quality of patient care. This article highlights issues in the research- practice debate as a backdrop for rapprochement. Suggestions are made for changes and shifts in emphases in psychotherapy research and clinical practice. The changes are designed to ensure that both research and practice contribute to our knowledge base and provide information that can be used more readily to improve patient care and, in the process, reduce the perceived and real hiatus between research and practice.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Medicine / methods*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Patient Care / standards*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'*
  • Psychotherapy / methods