A current understanding of Fc epsilon RI-dependent mast cell activation

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2008 Mar;8(1):14-20. doi: 10.1007/s11882-008-0004-z.


Mast cell activation via the high-affinity immunoglobulin (Ig) E receptor Fc epsilon RI is a topic of extensive investigation with therapeutic potential in allergic disease. The protein tyrosine kinases Fyn, Lyn, and Syk are intimately linked with the early events initiated by allergen-mediated aggregation of IgE-occupied Fc epsilon RI. Fyn and Lyn initiate signaling events that are organized by adaptor molecules, which compartmentalize and coordinate the activity of activated protein and lipid kinases and phospholipases to generate lipid products essential for signal amplification and mast cell function. Fyn and Lyn counter-regulate phosphatidylinositol 3-OH kinase (PI3K), controlling the produced amount of phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3), a key regulator of mast cell degranulation. Fyn and Lyn also activate sphingosine kinases (SphK), which generate sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), thus contributing to mast cell chemotaxis and degranulation. Here, we summarize the current knowledge and future challenges and directions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Degranulation
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin E / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / immunology
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mast Cells / immunology*
  • Mast Cells / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / immunology
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Receptors, IgE / immunology
  • Receptors, IgE / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid / metabolism
  • Second Messenger Systems
  • Signal Transduction
  • Syk Kinase
  • src-Family Kinases / immunology
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism*


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Receptors, IgE
  • Receptors, Lysosphingolipid
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • SYK protein, human
  • Syk Kinase
  • lyn protein-tyrosine kinase
  • src-Family Kinases