Infants under 1 year of age have a significant risk of burn injury

Burns. 2008 Sep;34(6):863-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2007.11.011. Epub 2008 Apr 2.


A wealth of data exists concerning paediatric burn epidemiology in general, but very little exists specifically in infants under 1 year of age, a special group in which mobility begins to develop. A retrospective study of all burn admissions of infants under 1 year old to The Welsh Centre for Burns from January 2003 to January 2006 was performed. During the 3-year period there were 104 new burns cases identified which represents 11.8% of all paediatric admissions. 63.5% (66) were treated as inpatients and 36.5% (38) treated as out-patients. Burns increased in frequency with increasing age and occurred mainly in the home. Scalds were the commonest type of burn in 65% (68) whilst the second most common was contact burns which accounted for 30% (31). The most common source of scald was from cups containing hot drinks (39%) and the most common source of contact burn was radiators/hot water pipes (30%). The mean TBSA was 2.3%, (range 0.5-38%). The frequency of burns in the under 1 year old population highlights a need for emphasis of burn prevention directed to this group. Special attention is needed to look at the specific aetiology of these burns. Starting points for prevention should address the number of burns surrounding hot drinks and bottle warming practices in the case of scalds and the dangers of household radiators and hot water pipes in the case of contact burns.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Home / statistics & numerical data
  • Body Surface Area
  • Burns / epidemiology*
  • Burns / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Distribution
  • Social Class
  • Wales / epidemiology