Sociodemographic predictors of sport injury in adolescents

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Mar;40(3):444-50. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31815ce61a.


Objective: To examine sociodemographic risk factors for sport injury in adolescents.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey design in which a random sample of high school students (ages 14-19) completed an in-class survey (N = 2721). Students were asked questions regarding sociodemographic factors, sport participation, and sport injury in the past year.

Results: The incidence proportion of self-reported and medically treated sports injury, adjusting for the clustering effect of school, was 67.5 (95% CI; 64.2-71.1) and 43.2 (95% CI; 40.4-46.3) per 100 adolescents per year, respectively. Students from small towns had a lower risk of injury than those in the larger urban center (ORadjusted = 0.76, 95% CI 0.63-0.92). Non-Caucasian students had a lower risk of injury than did Caucasian students (ORadjusted = 0.63 (95% CI 0.5-0.79) for all sport injury and 0.57 (95% CI 0.47 - 0.7) for medically treated sport injury. Students with BMI in the 50th-90th percentiles had the greatest risk of sport injury. The risk of injury increased with weekly hours of participation.

Conclusions: Location of residence, weekly exposure (participation hours), ethnicity, and BMI were simultaneous predictors of sport injuries in adolescents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alberta / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / ethnology
  • Athletic Injuries / etiology*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Demography*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Parents
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Class*