Sub one minute inhibition assays for the major cytochrome P450 enzymes utilizing ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2008 May;22(9):1345-50. doi: 10.1002/rcm.3465.


The measurement of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoenzyme inhibition is often done during evaluation of new chemical entities in drug discovery. Typical assay protocol consists of multiple CYP450 probe substrates incubated with selected drug candidates and CYP450. Results of the assay, the amount of probe substrate metabolite formed with respect to control, are used to determine the level of interaction. Liquid chromatography utilizing columns packed with sub-2-micron particles have been shown to provide up to 8X faster analysis time and 3X increases in sensitivity over traditional high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The work presented here shows the development of a high-throughput, sub-2-micron particle LC method coupled with tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry for the rapid analysis of six CYP450 probe substrate metabolites in 30s.

MeSH terms

  • Calibration
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Kinetics
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Microsomes, Liver / metabolism
  • Particle Size
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Indicators and Reagents