Background: The aim was to assess the relevant distribution of the novel PET tracer (68)Ga-DOTATATE in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with combined positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET/CT) and compare its performance with that of (18)F-FDG PET/CT.
Methods: The imaging findings with (68)Ga-DOTATATE and (18)F-FDG on 38 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of primary or recurrent NET were compared and correlated with tumor grade on histology based on ki67 and mitotic index.
Results: The sensitivity of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT was 82% (31 of 38) and that of (18)F-FDG PET/CT was 66% (25 of 38). The sensitivity of combined (68)Ga-DOTATATE and (18)F-FDG PET/CT was 92% (35 of 38). There was greater uptake of (68)Ga-DOTATATE than (18)F-FDG in low-grade NET (median SUV 29 vs 2.9, P < .001). In high-grade NET there was higher uptake of (18)F-FDG over (68)Ga-DOTATATE (median SUV 11.7 vs 4.4, P = .03). There was a significant correlation with predominant tumor uptake of (68)Ga-DOTATATE or (18)F-FDG and tumor grade on histology (P < .0001).
Conclusions: (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT is a useful novel imaging modality for NETs and is superior to (18)F-FDG for imaging well-differentiated NET. Functional imaging with both (68)Ga-DOTATATE and (18)F-FDG has potential for a more comprehensive tumor assessment in intermediate- and high-grade tumors.
(c) 2008 American Cancer Society.