Mutations in the genes TSC1 or TSC2 cause the autosomal dominantly inherited tumor suppressor syndrome tuberous sclerosis, which is characterized by the development of tumors, named hamartomas, in different organs. The TSC gene products, hamartin and tuberin, form a complex, of which tuberin is assumed to be the functional component. Both, hamartin and tuberin have been implicated in the control of the cell cycle by activating the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 and in cell size regulation by inhibiting the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) a regulator of the p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) and its target the ribosomal protein S6. The tuberin/hamartin complex was shown to protect p27 from protein degradation. Within the mTOR signaling pathway tuberin harbors GTPase activating (GAP) potential toward Rheb, which is a potent regulator of mTOR. In this study, we have analyzed the protein levels of tuberin, p27, cyclin D1, mTOR and phospho mTOR Ser2448 (activated mTOR), S6 and phospho S6 Ser240/244 (activated S6) and as controls alpha-tubulin and topoisomerase IIbeta, in ten different cells, including primary normal cells, immortalized and transformed cell lines.