Changing nutrition standards in schools: the emerging impact on school revenue

J Sch Health. 2008 May;78(5):245-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00296.x.


Background: Although great focus has been placed on nutritional and other consequences of changes in food-related policies within schools, few reports exist describing the impact of such changes on school revenue. This review provides an overview of the few revenue-related studies published recently, as well as information from a sampling of state reports on the subject.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Four peer-reviewed papers and 3 state-based reports were identified that assessed the impact on revenues of either targeted policy changes or overarching, district-wide changes in food-related policies.

Results: Thus far, few data exist to substantiate the concern that changes in nutrition standards in schools lead to a loss in total revenue. An interesting phenomenon of increased participation in the National School Lunch Program was noted in a number of reports and might play a role in buffering financial losses.

Conclusions: A renewed focus on school policies related to health provides the opportunity for researchers to investigate how nutrition-related policy change can affect, if at all, food service and overall school revenues.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Food Services / economics*
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Policy / trends*
  • Schools*
  • United States