Related factors in burn children. Epidemiological study of the burn unit at the "Magdalena de las Salinas" Traumatology Hospital

J Burn Care Res. May-Jun 2008;29(3):468-74. doi: 10.1097/BCR.0b013e3181710857.

Abstract

We carried out a study of 1025 children. The most frequent cause of burns was hot liquids (77.7%). About 95.13% of the cases happened in the patients' homes. The cases of death and the most severe burns were due to accidents that happened in the kitchen and in the bathroom. About 74.8% of the patients were less than 5 years old; the riskiest factor was age: the younger the child, the greater the risk. The average burns extension was 11.9% with a minimum of 1% and maximum of 90%. Mortality was 0.87%; the patients who died were less than 3 years old. DL-50 was of 75.6%. Complications were presented in 10% and the most frequent was local infection in 71 cases. The most severe injuries were those that had taken place by immersion in hot liquids and fire.

MeSH terms

  • Burn Units / organization & administration*
  • Burns / epidemiology*
  • Burns / etiology
  • Burns / surgery
  • Burns / therapy
  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Child, Preschool
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mexico / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome