The relationship of self-efficacy appraisals to subsequent health related outcomes: a meta-analysis

Soc Work Health Care. 1991;16(1):53-93. doi: 10.1300/j010v16n01_05.


During the 1980's social cognitive theory has evolved as an explanation of human behavior. One of this theory's component constructs, self-efficacy, has received increasing attention as an antecedent to health related outcomes. The results of a meta-analysis examining studies which employed the construct of self-efficacy as a predictor of health related outcomes is presented. In the literature examined, subject ratings of self-efficacy were found to consistently predict subsequent health related outcomes.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Databases, Factual / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Research
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Work*