We determined HLA-DRB types of 375 randomly chosen healthy Japanese donors using a set of 29 different sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) probes directed against various DRB alleles. Except for a few cases, these SSOs enabled us to identify 33 different DRB types including those detectable only by SSO genotyping. Gene frequencies were calculated for each of the DRB types identified. The "blank" frequency calculated by our SSO typing was essentially zero, in contrast to the considerably high "blank" frequencies reported at serological HLA-DR or cellular HLA-D workshops. This indicates that almost all of the DRB types in the Japanese population are positively detectable by our SSO typing. By comparing the gene frequencies for each of the DR types obtained by our SSO typing with those obtained by immunological typing at workshops, significant differences were observed for several of the DR types.