The balance between cell death and survival, two critical aspects of oncogenic transformation, determines the outcome of tumorigenesis. Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a critical regulator of survival; it is induced by the oncogene Ras and, when inhibited, accounts for the cell death response of Ras-transformed cells. Here, we show that the signaling adaptor p62 is induced by Ras, its levels are increased in human tumors, and it is required for Ras-induced survival and transformation. p62-/- mice are resistant to Ras-induced lung adenocarcinomas. p62 is necessary for Ras to trigger IkappaB kinase (IKK) through the polyubiquitination of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), and its deficiency produces increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, which account for the enhanced cell death and reduced tumorigenicity of Ras in the absence of p62.