Nuclear poly(A) polymerase from rat liver and a hepatoma. Comparison of properties, molecular weights and amino acid compositions

Eur J Biochem. 1976 Aug 1;67(1):11-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1976.tb10626.x.


Poly(A) polymerase was extracted from isolated nuclei of rat liver and a rapidly growing solid tumor (Morris hepatoma 3924A). The enzyme from each tissue was purified by successive chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex, phosphoecllulose, hydroxyapatite and QAE-Sephadex. Purified enzyme from both liver and tumor was essentially homogeneous as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Under nondenaturing conditions, enzyme activity corresponded to visible protein and, upon denaturation, a single polypeptide was detected. The enzymes had absolute requirements for Mn2+ as the divalent ion, ATP as the substrate and an oligonucleotide or polynucleotide as the primer. Both enzymes were inhibited by sodium pyrophosphate, N-ethylmaleimide, Rose Bengal, cordycepin 5'-triphosphate and several rifamycin derivatives. The reactions were unaffected by potassium phosphate, alpha-amanitin and pancreatic ribonuclease. However, the liver and hepatoma enzymes differed from each other with respect to apparent Km, primer saturation levels and sensitivity to pH changes. The most striking differences between the enzymes were in their calculated molecular weights (liver, 48000; hepatoma, 60000) and amino acid compositions. Finally, the level of the hepatoma enzyme relative to that of the liver enzyme was at least 1.5-fold higher when expressed per mg DNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / enzymology*
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology*
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Liver Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Manganese / pharmacology
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / enzymology
  • Nucleotidyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase / isolation & purification
  • Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase / metabolism*
  • Rats


  • Amino Acids
  • Manganese
  • Nucleotidyltransferases
  • Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase