Imperforate anus: long- and short-term outcome

Semin Pediatr Surg. 2008 May;17(2):79-89. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2008.02.003.


Anorectal malformations are common anomalies observed in neonates. Survival of these babies is currently achieved in most cases and improvements in operative technique, patient care, and better follow-up have led to improved functional results. A new, simplified classification system (Krickenbeck classification) and method of functional assessment has led to an improved understanding of these anomalies and has allowed for a better comparison of outcomes. Following successful anatomical repair and appropriate programs of bowel care, socially acceptable continence can be achieved in a majority of patients, especially those with an intact sacrum.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / mortality
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anal Canal / surgery
  • Anus, Imperforate / mortality
  • Anus, Imperforate / surgery*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Fecal Incontinence / etiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Prognosis
  • Rectum / surgery
  • Risk Factors