Background: Adult-type hypolactasia is a genetically determined inability to digest lactose after weaning. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (C-13910T, G-22018A) located upstream of the lactase gene (LCT) within the gene MCM6 are associated with the lactase persistence/non-persistence trait in patients of European descent. Therefore, the genotyping of these SNPs has been established as a diagnostic tool for adult-type hypolactasia. We have recently shown that several novel allelic variants located in close proximity to the C-13910T SNP interfere with the diagnostic accuracy of real-time PCR-based genotyping methods.
Methods: We describe here the validation of a comprehensive reverse-hybridization teststrip-based assay for the detection of common and novel LCT SNPs (C-13907G, C-13910T, T-13913C, G-13914A, T-13915G, and G-22018A). This assay is based on multiplex DNA amplification and ready-to-use membrane teststrips containing variant-specific oligonucleotide probes immobilized as an array of parallel lines.
Results: We evaluated the novel reverse-hybridization StripAssay on 125 DNA samples in comparison to LightCycler analysis and sequencing. The outcome of StripAssay genotyping was found to be completely concordant with that obtained by sequencing.
Conclusions: The StripAssay represents an accurate and robust screening tool to identify multiple LCT/MCM6 variants in a rapid manner. It overcomes diagnostic pitfalls that were reported and allows the simultaneous genotyping of closely spaced LCT variant sites in a single-step diagnostic approach.