Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 76 (3), 385-414

Explaining the Extraversion/Positive Affect Relation: Sociability Cannot Account for Extraverts' Greater Happiness

Affiliations

Explaining the Extraversion/Positive Affect Relation: Sociability Cannot Account for Extraverts' Greater Happiness

Richard E Lucas et al. J Pers.

Abstract

The association between Extraversion and positive affect is one of the most robust findings in the study of personality and emotion. Temperament models posit that the association is direct; instrumental models posit that the association is mediated by additional processes. Two experience sampling studies were conducted to test instrumental mechanisms that might underlie the effect. According to a mediation model, extraverts' greater social activity can account for their increased positive affect when compared to introverts. According to a person-by-situation interaction model, extraverts react more positively to social situations than do introverts, and this interaction can account for the association. Only weak support for the instrumental models was found; consistent with temperament models, a moderate direct association remained even after controlling for these effects.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 13 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback