The Hsp60-(p.V98I) mutation associated with hereditary spastic paraplegia SPG13 compromises chaperonin function both in vitro and in vivo

J Biol Chem. 2008 Jun 6;283(23):15694-700. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M800548200. Epub 2008 Apr 8.


We have previously reported the association of a mutation (c.292G > A/p.V98I) in the human HSPD1 gene that encodes the mitochondrial Hsp60 chaperonin with a dominantly inherited form of hereditary spastic paraplegia. Here, we show that the purified Hsp60-(p.V98I) chaperonin displays decreased ATPase activity and exhibits a strongly reduced capacity to promote folding of denatured malate dehydrogenase in vitro. To test its in vivo functions, we engineered a bacterial model system that lacks the endogenous chaperonin genes and harbors two plasmids carrying differentially inducible operons with human Hsp10 and wild-type Hsp60 or Hsp10 and Hsp60-(p.V98I), respectively. Ten hours after shutdown of the wild-type chaperonin operon and induction of the Hsp60-(p.V98I)/Hsp10 mutant operon, bacterial cell growth was strongly inhibited. No globally increased protein aggregation was observed, and microarray analyses showed that a number of genes involved in metabolic pathways, some of which are essential for robust aerobic growth, were strongly up-regulated in Hsp60-(p.V98I)-expressing bacteria, suggesting that the growth arrest was caused by defective folding of some essential proteins. Co-expression of Hsp60-(p.V98I) and wild-type Hsp60 exerted a dominant negative effect only when the chaperonin genes were expressed at relatively low levels. Based on our in vivo and in vitro data, we propose that the major effect of heterozygosity for the Hsp60-(p.V98I) mutation is a moderately decreased activity of chaperonin complexes composed of mixed wild-type and Hsp60-(p.V98I) mutant subunits.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / genetics
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Substitution*
  • Chaperonin 10 / genetics
  • Chaperonin 10 / metabolism
  • Chaperonin 60
  • Chaperonins / genetics
  • Chaperonins / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / growth & development
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Malate Dehydrogenase / genetics
  • Malate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • Models, Biological
  • Operon / genetics
  • Protein Folding
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary / genetics
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary / metabolism*


  • Chaperonin 10
  • Chaperonin 60
  • HSPD1 protein, human
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Mitochondrial Proteins
  • Malate Dehydrogenase
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • Chaperonins