The method developed since 1979, comprises active 3-dimensional auto-correction, concerning the primary curve mobilization towards the correction of the curvature, with special emphasis on the kyphotization of the thoracic spine, carried on in closed kinematic chains, and developed on a symmetrically positioned pelvis and shoulder girdle, followed by active stabilization of the corrected position, and endured as postural habit. The positions for exercising and the movements involved are described in details. Small, moderate and important curves can be managed with DoboMed, however the effectiveness of the therapy depends on the curve flexibility and patient's compliance. DoboMed has been used as a single therapy or together with bracing, as well as preparation for scoliosis surgery. The published results demonstrated that the DoboMed has a positive influence on inhibition of the curve progression in idiopathic scoliosis, the improvement of respiratory functions, assessed by the spirometric values, and the general exercise efficiency evaluated using ergospirometry.