Accumulated childhood trauma and symptom complexity

J Trauma Stress. 2008 Apr;21(2):223-6. doi: 10.1002/jts.20317.

Abstract

The relationship between accumulated exposure to different types of traumatic events (cumulative trauma) in childhood and the total number of different types of symptomatology reported (symptom complexity) in adulthood was examined in a sample of 2,453 female university students. There was a linear relationship between the number of trauma types experienced by participants before 18 and symptom complexity. This effect remained even when controlling for specific traumatic events, suggesting a generalized effect of cumulative trauma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Child Abuse / statistics & numerical data
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / psychology
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / statistics & numerical data
  • Crime Victims / psychology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Sex Factors
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Violence / psychology
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data