Ocular complications associated with diabetes mellitus

Nurs Stand. 2008 Mar 12-18;22(27):51-7; quiz 58, 60. doi: 10.7748/ns2008.03.22.27.51.c6429.

Abstract

Diabetes is a progressive disease that may adversely affect healthy functioning of the body. The eyes are often indicators of systemic disease and are particularly vulnerable to the pathophysiological changes that occur as a result of diabetes. This article provides an overview of five main ocular complications associated with diabetes, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, central retinal vein occlusion, central retinal artery occlusion and neovascular glaucoma. The assessment and treatment of such complications and the role of the nurse in the care and management of patients are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cataract / diagnosis
  • Cataract / etiology
  • Cataract / therapy*
  • Cataract Extraction / nursing
  • Diabetes Complications / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Complications / etiology
  • Diabetes Complications / therapy*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / classification
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / etiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / therapy*
  • Glaucoma, Neovascular / diagnosis
  • Glaucoma, Neovascular / etiology
  • Glaucoma, Neovascular / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / nursing
  • Nurse's Role*
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Perioperative Care / methods
  • Perioperative Care / nursing
  • Retinal Artery Occlusion / diagnosis
  • Retinal Artery Occlusion / etiology
  • Retinal Artery Occlusion / therapy*
  • Vision Screening
  • Vitrectomy / nursing