Anatomy of the parp gene promoter of Trypanosoma brucei

EMBO J. 1991 Nov;10(11):3379-86.


While growing in the tsetse fly, Trypanosoma brucei expresses a major surface glycoprotein, the procyclic acidic repetitive protein (PARP). The parp genes are transcribed by an alpha-amanitin-resistant RNA polymerase. We have determined the sequence requirements for parp promoter activity. Studies of RNA produced from input DNA in transiently transfected trypanosomes indicate that the RNA is correctly processed by trans-splicing and polyadenylation. Deletion analyses show that 330 bp are sufficient for full promoter and splicing activity and that the promoter structure is complex, involving at least three elements whose mutual spacing is important. Mutagenesis pin-pointed two sequences vital for promoter activity; neither bears any resemblance to known prokaryotic or eukaryotic promoter elements.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase / genetics
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Clone Cells
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotides / genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Protozoan Proteins*
  • RNA Splicing
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Trypanosoma brucei brucei / genetics*
  • Variant Surface Glycoproteins, Trypanosoma / genetics*


  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Variant Surface Glycoproteins, Trypanosoma
  • procyclic acidic repetitive protein, Trypanosoma
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/S58426
  • GENBANK/S59882
  • GENBANK/S60066
  • GENBANK/S60920
  • GENBANK/X56822
  • GENBANK/X58357
  • GENBANK/X58358
  • GENBANK/X60659
  • GENBANK/X60660
  • GENBANK/X60661