Background: For patients with type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) currently recommend a glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c) ) target of <7%, and the British Medical Association (BMA) Quality and Outcomes Framework recommends an HbA(1c) target of >or=7.5%.
Objective: This letter presents a reanalysis of data from a previous study of the effect on glycemic control of adding repaglinide to metformin monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes to determine the proportion of patients achieving current ADA/EASD and BMA targets.
Methods: PubMed was searched using the terms repaglinide AND metformin AND HbA(1c) to identify published comparisons of monotherapy and combination therapy with these drugs in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Results: In the original analysis, which employed an HbA(1c) target of <7.1%, 59%of patients treated with metformin plus repaglinide achieved their glycemic target, compared with approximately 20% of patients treated with metformin or repaglinide alone. On reanalysis of the data according to the current ADA/EASD HbA(1c) target of <7%, 56% of patients receiving metformin and repaglinide achieved that goal,compared with 19%each in the groups treated with metformin or repaglinide monotherapy. On reanalysis of the data according to the BMA Quality and Outcomes Framework HbA(1c) target of >or=7.5%, 89% of patients receiving metformin and repaglinide achieved that goal, compared with 43%and 42% of patients receiving metformin and repaglinide monotherapy, respectively.
Conclusion: Based on this reanalysis of earlier data in terms of currently recommended HbA(1c) targets, combination therapy with repaglinide and metformin would appear to be a good treatment option for patients with type 2 diabetes.