A series of conformationally constrained derivatives of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were designed and evaluated. By use of [Gly (8)]GLP-1(7-37)-NH2 (2) peptide as a starting point, 17 cyclic derivatives possessing i to i + 4, i to i + 5, or i to i + 7 side chain to side chain lactam bridges from positions 18 to 30 were prepared. The effect of a helix-promoting alpha-amino-isobutyric acid (Aib) substitution at position 22 was also evaluated. The introduction of i to i + 4 glutamic acid-lysine lactam constraints in c[Glu (18)-Lys (22)][Gly (8)]GLP-1(7-37)-NH2 (6), c[Glu (22)-Lys (26)][Gly (8)]GLP-1(7-37)-NH2 (10), and c[Glu (23)-Lys (27)][Gly (8)]GLP-1(7-37)-NH2 (11) resulted in potent functional activity and receptor affinities comparable to native GLP-1. Selected GLP-1 peptides were chemoselectively PEGylated in order to prolong their in vivo activity. PEGylated peptides [Gly (8),Aib (22)]GLP-1(7-37)-Cys ((PEG))-Ala-NH2 (23) and c[Glu (22)-Lys (26)][Gly (8)]GLP-1(7-37)-Cys ((PEG))-Ser-Gly-NH2 (24) retained picomolar functional potency and avid receptor binding properties. Importantly, PEGylated GLP-1 peptide 23 exhibited sustained in vivo efficacy with respect to blood glucose reduction and decreased body weight for several days in nonhuman primates.