Analysis of regulatory polymorphisms in organic ion transporter genes (SLC22A) in the kidney

J Hum Genet. 2008;53(7):607-614. doi: 10.1007/s10038-008-0288-9. Epub 2008 Apr 15.


Organic cation transporters (OCTs) and organic anion transporters (OATs) (SLC22A family) play crucial roles in the renal secretion of various drugs. Messengar ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of transporters can be a key factor regulating interindividual differences in drug pharmacokinetics. However, the source of variations in mRNA levels of transporters is unclear. In this study, we focused on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the promoter region [regulatory SNPs (rSNPs)] as candidates for the factor regulating mRNA levels of SLC22A. We sequenced the promoter regions of OCT2 and OAT1-4 in 63 patients and investigated the effects of the identified rSNPs on transcriptional activities and mRNA expression. In the OCT2 promoter region, one deletion polymorphism (-578_-576delAAG) was identified; -578_-576delAAG significantly reduced OCT2 promoter activity (p < 0.05), and carriers of -578_-576delAAG tend to have lower OCT2 mRNA levels, but the difference is not significant. There was no rSNP in the OAT1 and OAT2 genes. The five rSNPs of OAT3 and one rSNP of OAT4 were unlikely to influence mRNA expression and promoter activity. This is the first study to investigate the influences of rSNPs on mRNA expression of SLC22A in the kidney and to identify a regulatory polymorphism affecting OCT2 promoter activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • LLC-PK1 Cells
  • Opossums
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / genetics
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent / genetics*
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent / metabolism
  • Organic Cation Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Organic Cation Transporter 2
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Swine


  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent
  • Organic Cation Transport Proteins
  • Organic Cation Transporter 2
  • SLC22A11 protein, human
  • SLC22A2 protein, human
  • SLC22A9 protein, human
  • organic anion transport protein 3